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What is the origin of TANF and how is it administered?

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) is a block-grant program the began with The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996 ("welfare reform"). It is designed to be part of the national safety net, providing block grants to states, territories and tribes for services, benefits and administrative costs.

TANF replaced Aid to Families with Dependant Children (AFDC) in 1996, removing entitlement from the program